California lawmakers ending personal belief vaccine exemptions as 33 other states did

California lawmakers are introducing legislation to end a parental right to exempt their children from school vaccinations based on personal beliefs. An outbreak of measles in California has infected more than 100 people. Health officials have linked many of them to an outbreak when an infected person from outside the country visited Disneyland in late December. The measure would make California the 33rd state to bar parents from opting out of vaccinations based on personal beliefs.

All 50 states have legislation requiring specified vaccines for students.ΠAlthough exemptions vary from state to state, all school immunization laws grant exemptions to children for medical reasons. Almost all states grant religious exemptions for people who have religious beliefs against immunizations. Twenty states allow philosophical exemptions for those who object to immunizations because of personal, moral or other beliefs.

ΠStateStatuteΠReligious ExemptionΠPhilosophical Exemption
Œ AlabamaŒ Ala. Code Œ_ 16-30-3Œ YesŒ No
Œ AlaskaŒ Ak. Stat. Œ_14.30.125Œ YesŒ No
Œ ArizonaŒ Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 15-872, 873Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ ArkansasŒ Ark. Code Ann.Œ Œ_ 6-18-702Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ CaliforniaŒ Cal. Health & Safety Code Œ_ 120325 et seq.Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ ColoradoŒ Colo. Rev. Stat. Œ_ 25-4-902, 903Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ ConnecticutŒ Conn. Gen. Stat. Œ_ 10-204aŒ YesŒ No
Œ DelawareŒ Del. Code Ann.Œ tit. 14Œ Œ_ 131Œ YesŒ No
Œ Washington, DCŒ D.C. Code Ann. Œ_ 38-501, 506Œ YesŒ No
Œ FloridaŒ Fla. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 1003.22Œ YesŒ No
Œ GeorgiaŒ Ga. Code Ann. Œ_ 20-2-771Œ YesŒ No
Œ HawaiiŒ Haw. Rev. Stat. Œ_ 302A-1154,1156Œ YesŒ No
Œ IdahoŒ Idaho Code Œ_ 39-4801, 4802Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ IllinoisŒ 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. Œ_ 5/27-8.1Œ YesŒ No
Œ IndianaŒ Ind. Code Ann. Œ_ 21-40-5Œ YesŒ No
Œ IowaŒ Iowa Code Ann. Œ_ 139A.8Œ YesŒ No
Œ KansasŒ Kan. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 72-5209Œ YesŒ No
Œ KentuckyŒ Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 214.034Œ YesŒ No
Œ LouisianaŒ La. Rev. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 17:170(A);40:31.16Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ MaineŒ Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 20-A Œ_ 6355Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ MarylandŒ Md. Code Ann. Educ. Œ_ 7-403Œ YesŒ No
Œ MassachusettsŒ Mass. Gen Laws ch.76, Œ_ 15Œ YesŒ No
Œ MichiganŒ Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. Œ_ 333.9208, 9215Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ MinnesotaŒ Minn. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 121A-15Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ MississippiŒ Miss. Code Ann. Œ_ 41-23-37Œ NoŒ No
Œ MissouriŒ Mo. Rev. Stat. Œ_ 167.181,210.003Œ YesŒ Yes*
Œ MontanaŒ Mont. Code Ann. Œ_ 20-5-403, 405Œ YesŒ No
Œ NebraskaŒ Neb. Rev. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 79-217,221Œ YesŒ No
Œ NevadaŒ Nev. Rev. Stat. Œ_ 392.435, 437, 439Œ YesŒ No
Œ New HampshireŒ N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 141-C:20-a, 20-cŒ YesŒ No
Œ New JerseyŒ N.J. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 26:1A-9, 9.1Œ YesŒ No
Œ New MexicoŒ N.M. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 24-5-1, 3Œ YesŒ No
Œ New YorkŒ N.Y. Pub. Health Law Œ_ 2164Œ YesŒ No
Œ North CarolinaŒ N.C. Gen. Stat. Œ_ 130A-155,156, 157Œ YesŒ No
Œ North DakotaŒ N.D. Cent. Code Œ_ 23-07-17.1Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ OhioŒ Ohio Rev. Code Ann. Œ_ 3313.671Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ OklahomaŒ Okla. Stat. Ann. tit. 70, Œ_ 1210.191, 192Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ OregonŒ Or. Rev. Stat. Œ_ 433.267Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ PennsylvaniaŒ 28 Pa. Code Œ_ 23-83, 84Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ Rhode IslandŒ R.I. Gen. Laws Œ_ 16-38-2Œ YesŒ No
Œ South CarolinaŒ S.C. Code Ann. Œ_ 44-29-180Œ YesŒ No
Œ South DakotaŒ S.D. Codified Laws Œ_ 13-28-7.1Œ YesŒ No
Œ TennesseeŒ Tenn. Code Ann. Œ_ 49-6-5001Œ YesŒ No
Œ TexasŒ Tex. Edu Code Ann. Œ_ 38.001Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ UtahŒ Utah Code Ann. Œ_ 53A-11-301, 302Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ VermontŒ Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 18, Œ_ 1121,1122Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ VirginiaŒ Va. Code Ann. Œ_ 22.1-271.2, Œ_ 32.1-46Œ YesŒ No
Œ WashingtonŒ Wash. Rev. Code Ann. Œ_ 28A.210.080, 90Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ West VirginiaŒ W. Va. Code Œ_ 16-3-4Œ NoŒ No
Œ WisconsinŒ Wis. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 252.04Œ YesŒ Yes
Œ WyomingŒ Wyo. Stat. Ann. Œ_ 21-4-309Œ YesŒ No

A small minority of parents to refuse to allow their children to be vaccinated because they feel the vaccinations are dangerous.

A daycare center at a high school in the Los Angeles suburb of Santa Monica closed earlier this week and more than a dozen infants placed under a three-week quarantine after a baby enrolled in the program was diagnosed with measles.

Measles was declared eliminated in the United States in 2000 after decades of intensive childhood vaccine efforts. But last year the nation had its highest number of measles cases in two decades.

Most people recover from measles within a few weeks, although it can be fatal in some cases.

Jeffrey Newman represents whistleblowers